||Exeter, Devon, England
||Exeter, Devon, England
||05 Apr 2009
||Elizabeth Pomeroy, b. 1530, Devon, England
DECENDENTS OF John Spicer
"The name of SPICER is derived from the occupation of its first bearers as "spicers", that is, as grocers. It is found in ancient English and early American records in the various forms of Spicere, Speciar, Spycer, Spyser, Spisar, Spicer, and others, of which the last-mentioned spelling is the most generally used in America today.
It is generally believed that all of the families of Spicer are descended from three brothers who followed William the Norman Conqueror into England about the year 1066, A.D., and settled in Devonshire, Warwickshire, and County Kent, whence they later spread into the Counties of Cambridge, Oxford, Somerset, Lincoln, York, London, and Worchester. These families were, for the most part, of the landed gentry of the British Isles.
The Devonshire branch of the family was represented in the year 1273 by John Spicer, who was Mayor of the City of Exeter, in that county, and the grandfather of another John Spicer, who also held that position from 1252 to 1359. About the beginning of the sixteenth century this family was represented by Nicholas Spicer, who was the father of Thomas, who married a Miss Pomeroy and had issue by her of Nicholas, Richard (father of a son named Alexander), Thomas (father of a son named Thomas), Christopher, and William, of whom the last two had numerous descendants in Devonshire.
Christopher, son of Thomas, married Elizabeth Symonds or Symons and had, besides several daughters, Christopher (father of a son of the same name), Nicholas, John, Thomas (father of a son Thomas), Richard (father of Christopher, Richard, Nicholas, and John, all living in the early seventeenth century), and William. Of these, the son Nicholas married Joane Horsey in 1602 and issue by her of several daughters and Christopher, Richard, and Nicholas, of whom the last died young. By his second wife the Widow Elizabeth Lovelis, whom he married in 1626, Nicholas had a son named Nicholas, and by his third wife, Martha Priestly, he had, among other children, a son named Thomas.
William, the youngest son of Thomas Spicer and younger brother of the before-mentioned Christopher, was married in 1580 to Grave Chappell, who gave him several daughters and four sons, William, Nicholas, Thomas, and George. Nicholas, second son of William, had issue by his wife Judith Prouse, whom he married about 1604, of Richard, John, Nicholas, Zacharie, Jasper, Samuel, and Judith.
Among other early records of the family in England are those of Simon Le Spicere of Cambridgeshire in the year 1273; Stephen le Spicer of Kent in 1294; William le Spicere of Oxford and William Speciar of Lincolnshire in the thirteenth century; Sacre le Spicer and Amphelsia le Spicer, during the same period; Edmund le Spicer of Kent in 1307; Richard le Spycer of Somersetshire in the time of King Edward the Third; John Spicer of Dover in 1377; Adam and Giliaum Spyser of York in 1379; Richard Spicer, M.P. for Canterbury in 1392; John Spicer of Kent in 1414; John Spycer of Kent in 1533, who had a son named Henry; and William Spycer of Kent in 1549, who was the father of Edmund, who had a son named William and possibly other children.
Among those of the name who emigrated at early dates to America but who left few records of themselves and their families were Gregory Spicer of Jamestown, Va., in 1618; Richard Spicer of Virginia in 1634; William, Edward, and Henry Spicer of Virginia in 1635; and Stephen Spicer, who came from Devonshire, England, to the Barbados sometime before the year 1663.
Thomas Spicer emigrated to America before 1638 and was first at Newport, R.I., whence he removed to Gravesend, N.Y., in 1643. By his wife, whose name is not known, he was the father of Jacob, Thomas, Michael, Samuel, Ann, and Susanna.
Another early settler in New England was Peter Spicer, who came to new London, Conn., before 1666, according to some historicas from Virginia, and was possibly the son of the before-mentioned immigrant Edward of 1635. He was married in 1670 to Mary Busecot and had issue by her of Edward, Peter, William, Ruth, Samuel, Jabez, Abegail, Hannah, Jane, Mary, and Sarah.
Arthur Spicer of Virginia in 1688 made his home in Rappahannock County, later Richmond, and was the father of an only son named John by his wife, Elizabeth Jones.
The descendants of the various branches of the family in America have removed to many parts of the United States and have made a substantial contribution to the advancement of American civilization. An energetic, conscientious, and keen-minded race, of high integrity, and possessed of kindliness of sociability, the Spicers have been particularly outstanding as clergymen, educators, writers, and members of the professions in general.
Among those of the name who fought in the War of the Revolution were Captain Abel, Asher, Edward, John, Joshua, Nathan, Oliver, Samuel, and Simeon Spicer, of Connecticut; Daniel and Jabez Spicer, of Massachusetts; Edward and Samuel Spicer, of Pennsylvania; David, Joseph, Benjamin, and William Spicer, of Virginia; Jacob, Frederick, and Nathan Spicer, of New York; Captain John, of North Carolina; Paymaster James, of North Carolina; and many more from the other States of the Revolutionary period.
John, Thomas, Nicholas, Christopher, William, Richard, Edward, James, and Samuel are some of the Christian names most favored by the family for its male progeny.
A few of the members of the family who have attained distinction in America in more recent times are: Tobias Spicer (1788-1862), of Mass., clergyman and author. William Francis Spicer (1820-1878), of RI, Historian. William Ambrose Spicer (b. 1866), of Washington, DC, Seventh-day Adventist and author Charles Elijah Spicer (b. 1867), of Indiana, historian Robert Barclay Spicer (1869), of Maryland, OH, and Penn., educator and college president. Anne Higginson Spicer (later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries), of New York, poet. George Washington Spicer (b. 1897), of VA, public official Hazel Inscho Spicer (b. 1898), of IL, author and educator Edward Holland Spicer (b. 1906), of California, author. Dorothy Gladys Spicer (early 20-century), of NY, author"